Enterovirus D-68

What is Enterovirus D-68?

Enteroviruses are very common.  There are more than 100 different enteroviruses.  Most people infected with enteroviruses have no symptoms or mild symptoms.   Enterovirus D-68 (EV-D68) which is rarely reported in the United States in the last forty years causes mild to severe respiratory symptoms.   Hospitals in Missouri and Illinois are seeing more children than usual with severe respiratory symptoms.   Specific symptoms of EV-D68 are: fever, difficulty breathing, wheezing or exacerbation of asthma.

Transmission

The virus is found in saliva, nasal mucus, and sputum and spread when someone coughs, sneezes or touches a contaminated surface.

Who at Risk?

Infants and individuals with a weakened immune system have a greater chance of having complications.

Children and teens that do not have immunity from previous exposure to the virus.

Prevention

  • Wash your hands especially after changing a diaper.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, face, or mouth with unwashed hands.
  • Avoid kissing, hugging or sharing a cup or eating utensils with individuals who are sick.
  • Disinfect surfaces, door handles and toys especially if someone is sick.
  • Stay home if you are sick.

Treatment

There is no specific treatment or vaccine for EV-D68 infections.

www.cdc.gov

www.aap.org